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How to Perform Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab: A Guide for Muslims



How to Perform Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab: A Guide for Muslims




Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab are two important acts of worship that Muslims perform to seek blessings and mercy for their deceased relatives and friends. Fatiha is the recitation of the first chapter of the Quran, Surah Al-Fatiha, which means "The Opening". Esal-e-Sawab is the transfer of rewards and virtues to the souls of the departed by performing good deeds on their behalf.




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In this article, we will explain how to perform Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab according to the teachings of Islam and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). We will also provide some links to download PDF books that explain these topics in more detail.


How to Perform Fatiha




Fatiha is a simple and easy way to remember and honor the dead. It can be done individually or in a group, at any time and place. The steps are as follows:


  • Make an intention (niyyah) in your heart that you are reciting Surah Al-Fatiha for the sake of Allah and for the benefit of the deceased person.



  • Recite Surah Al-Fatiha with sincerity and devotion. You can recite it silently or aloud, depending on the situation.



  • After finishing Surah Al-Fatiha, say "Ameen" and then send salutations (salawat) upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) by saying "Allahumma salli ala Muhammadin wa ala ali Muhammadin wa sallim".



  • Then, make dua (supplication) for the deceased person, asking Allah to forgive their sins, grant them mercy, elevate their status, and admit them to Paradise. You can use any words that you like, or follow some of the recommended duas from the Quran and Sunnah.



  • Finally, end your Fatiha by saying "Alhamdulillah" (all praise is due to Allah) and "Subhanallah" (glory be to Allah).



You can repeat this process as many times as you wish, for as many deceased persons as you want. You can also perform Fatiha for living people who are in need of Allah's help and guidance.


How to Perform Esal-e-Sawab




Esal-e-Sawab is a way of sharing the rewards of your good deeds with the souls of the dead. It is based on the belief that Allah is generous and merciful, and that He accepts the intercession of His servants for each other. Esal-e-Sawab can be done by performing any act of worship or charity that is pleasing to Allah, such as:


  • Reciting Quran or other Islamic books



  • Offering prayers (salah) or fasting (sawm)



  • Giving charity (sadaqah) or alms (zakat)



  • Performing pilgrimage (hajj) or minor pilgrimage (umrah)



  • Visiting the sick or helping the needy



  • Taughting Islamic knowledge or spreading Islamic message



  • Making dua or dhikr (remembrance of Allah)



The steps for performing Esal-e-Sawab are similar to those for performing Fatiha, except that you have to make an intention (niyyah) in your heart that you are doing this act of worship for the sake of Allah and for the benefit of the deceased person. You can also specify the name of the person or persons whom you want to receive the rewards. After completing your act of worship, you can make dua for them as well.


Some PDF Books on Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab




If you want to learn more about Fatiha and Esal-e-Sawab, you can download some PDF books that explain these topics in more detail. Here are some links to some useful books:


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